Saturday, April 26, 2008

Stepping into the river of school

Imagine two students standing side by side. The first student is taken from the opening scenes of Hard Times by Charles Dickens. He is told that he must learn facts. That's all that matters in life. Fact, facts, facts. The heads of young individuals are reciprocals to be poured full of facts. When remembered properly and regurgitated at the right time, the facts help him contribute to a period of industrial revolution. There is so much at the end of the 19th century for him to test, dissect, and measure that there is paradoxically no time for him to think.

Our second student is taken from the information technology revolution. She wears an iPod, chews gum and chats constantly on MSN, sometimes even secretly in the computer lab, while her teacher talks about project based learning. She is computer savvy but cannot type. After cramming for her A-levels by studying essays she downloaded with her mother's credit card, she scores well and helps inflate the annual increase of national averages. Her future employer will one day complain that she is unable to communicate a single sensible idea at their department meetings. She may be of the information age, but is she any smarter than our boy from the industrial age?

Both of these character sketches have been written in such a way to expose an interesting question: has education made any progress?

Heraclitus (535 - 475 BC) had an interesting philosophical insight which may help us here. He said, 'you can never step into the same river twice'. Imagine that students are stepping into the waters of education. The framework of a flowing river with two banks has always been there. There has always been an upstream and downstream. Learning institutions are these rivers. But the content is forever in a 'state of flux'. The molecules of water represent the particles of our zeitgeist, the current state of our society, the paradigm du jour. It is into this context that our students step. It is a brief, fleeting moment of young adolescence that is inextricably bound to a small period in history.

So how are we to compare two points in history to know whether education has made any progress? I have often heard statements like: 'I wish I had had it as good as our students today when I was at school,' or the opposite 'back in my day we had to do timetables by heart, spell without a spell checker, and read 12 novels a year.' But were those the good old days or the bad old days? It seems that methods have changed so much through the years that it is difficult to measure the success of failure of them.

One method claims to have measured its success today. It is known as 'direct learning', others refer to it as a form of rote learning. With the craze of standardization in these No Child Left Behind (NCLB) years, we see the rise of scripted learning again. That's right, back to old fashion repeat-after-me drills. They have measured their results against other communicative and holistic methods with startling success. Nevertheless, could these tests and lessons have been designed specifically so that their results were measurable in the first place? How do we know that this is not another trend or molecule of water flowing down our river?

Looking at our two students, we can fairly say that there is something timeless and pure about the nature of youth. No matter what the circumstances, they are dipping their toes in, about to get wet, about to get caught up in the current.

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